Monday, May 10, 2010

GLANDERS, EQUINE - BAHRAIN (02): OIE

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International Society for Infectious Diseases


Date: Mon 10 May 2010
Source: OIE-WAHID animal disease interface [edited]



Glanders, Bahrain
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Information received on 10 May 2010 from Dr Salman Abdul Nabi,
Director of Animal Health Directorate, PO Box 251, Ministry of
Municipality Affairs and Agriculture, MANAMA, Bahrain

Summary

Report type: Immediate notification
Start date: 12 Apr 2010
Date of 1st confirmation of the event: 12 Apr 2010
Report date: 10 May 2010
Date submitted to OIE: 10 May 2010
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: Clinical disease
Causal agent: _Burkholderia mallei_
Nature of diagnosis: Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country

New outbreaks
Outbreak 1: Shakhora, NORTH
Date of start of the outbreak: 12 Apr 2010
Outbreak status: Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: Farm
Affected animals:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed / Slaughtered
_equidae_/ 10 / 6 / 0 / 6 / 0

Affected Population:
The 1st 2 horses which were positive without clinical signs to
glanders originated from Syria and Kuwait and arrived 6 months ago.
They were of mixed breed. After testing, the other horses in the same
stable became positive with clinical signs.

Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Introduction of new
live animals

Epidemiological comments
The horses in the stable showed no clinical signs, and 394 serum
samples were sent to the OIE reference laboratory (CVRL). 35 were
confirmed positive by CFT, most of them without clinical signs.

Control measures
Measures applied: Control of arthropods, Control of wildlife
reservoirs, Quarantine, Movement control inside the country,
Screening, Zoning, Disinfection of infected
premises/establishment(s), Dipping / Spraying, Modified stamping out,
No vaccination. No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied: No other measures

Diagnostic test results:
Laboratory name and type: Central Veterinary Research Laboratory
(CVRL), United Arab Emirates (OIE's Reference Laboratory)
Tests and results
Species / Test / Test date / Result
_equidae_ / complement fixation test (CFT) / 12 Apr 2010 / Positive

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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[The diagnosis of glanders, a zoonotic disease, in Bahrain was
reported by ProMED-mail on 28 Apr 2010. It is encouraging to see this
significant event eventually officially notified to the OIE. There
are several discrepancies between the notification and the
media-derived information dated 17 Apr 2010, in particular the
information about mortality of 2 horses, allegedly triggering the
epidemiological and laboratory investigation, as well as the relevant
timetable (see 20100417.1241).

Glanders is a reportable disease in Kuwait not reportable in Syria.
In both countries, the year of its last occurrence is unknown. Both
countries have already duly submitted their annual reports for 2009
to the OIE, from which the said information is derived. - Mod.AS]

[see also:
Glanders, equine - Bahrain 20100428.1364
Undiagnosed deaths, equine - Bahrain: RFI 20100417.1241
2007
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Glanders, equine - Iran ex Iraq 20071129.3854
Glanders, equine - Russia (Chita) 20070707.2167
2004
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Glanders, equine - United Arab Emirates: OIE 20041019.2836
Glanders - Brazil (South) 20040815.2265
2000
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Glanders, human - USA (Maryland) (04) 20000630.1085
Glanders, equine - Brazil (Alagoas) (02) 20000605.0895
Glanders, equine - Brazil (Alagoas) 20000529.0858
Glanders, human - USA (Maryland) (03) 20000526.0842
Glanders, human - USA (Maryland) (02) 20000516.0769
Glanders, human - USA (Maryland) 20000515.0760]
....................................................sb/arn/msp/dk

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